Biggest Earthquake in History
Disasters that ruin planet earth and its dwellers are the constant concern of human beings. There is fire, floods, hurricanes and typhoons but the most feared of all are earthquakes. All other natural disasters are often seen by experts before it falls on land but with earthquakes, it is a different story. With the most modern technologies and gadgets created by men, air pressure and humidity can be read and upcoming typhoons and hurricanes are known before it hits.
People are given enough time to prepare themselves and have the necessary things with them in case the situation becomes severe. Towns and cities all over the world are always having difficulties in bouncing back whenever they are victimized by disasters but for those places that are visited by earthquakes, usually, the area transforms into a ghost town. The place becomes a scene of total devastation and if they are hit with a high intensity, death poll are also very high. Earthquakes can be considered as the most dangerous natural calamity and there are a number of big ones that were recorded which created too much damage to the area and the people living in it.
The Biggest Earthquake in History
The biggest earthquake ever to happen in history was in Valdivia, Chile which occurred in May 22, 1960. With a magnitude of 9.5, it got the name Great Chilean Earthquake. Records showed that this is a series of earthquakes which are all very strong that affected the entire Chile from May 21 until June 6. The first strike was the in Concepcion while the Valdivia is the strongest. The disaster happened in 3:11PM (time in Chile) and many believe that if it happened during the evening, more number of deaths would have been recorded.
The estimated number of death is in between 3,000 to 6,000 people. Around 20,000 people were homeless since 40% of the dwelling areas were all smashed down by the devastation. Not only were these people evacuated because of the seismic hits but also during the disasters which came after such as the floods, landslides and the fearsome tsunami.
Tsunami, Landslide, Flooding and Eruption that Came After
After the great earthquake in Valdivia, what followed is the Tsunami which also hit the southern part of Chile as well as Japan, Hawaii, Philippines, Southeast Australia, Eastern New Zealand and Alaska, particularly the Aleutian Islands. The local waves which hit Chile were as high as 82 ft and it crossed the Pacific Ocean which destroyed Hawaii. The island was struck by waves as high as 35 ft and even as far as 6,200 miles away from the epicenter, which is in Lumaco, Japan and the Philippines was still horrified by the natural disaster.
Landslides followed the earthquake especially in the valleys in Southern Andes. Luckily though, the landslides did not have many fatalities since not many dwellers stay in these areas. However, there is one landslide which caused people to worry. Mountains near Golgol River caused floods as the soil fell down reason for the river to dam up. Three days after the Valdivia earthquake, devastation happened when Cordon Caulle erupted. It was known to be a rhyodacitic fissure eruption although the area does not have many inhabitants. People were also preoccupied by the destruction of the earthquake reason why there was only a little number of individuals who were worried about the eruption.