Deepest Canyon on Earth
A canyon or generally called a gorge is a steep land-form that is flanked by high cliffs. Most of the time, canyons are the product of what was once a very deep and ravaging river that has become shallow and has formed an erosion at the banks. Most of the time, they may have a river flowing through them but there are also canyons that do not have one or previously have one. The word canyon came from the Spanish word canon. They are much more common in arid or dry areas than in wet regions. The Earth has had a lot of changes and has formed different canyons. There are two different types. One is the box, which is a type that is surrounded by mountains and have an opening on one side while the other is a slot. Slots are slim and narrow with smooth walls at the side.
The Deepest Canyon in the World
They are known for their majestic beauty and the vast landscape such as the Grand Canyon allows the tourist to experience of the Earth’s natural beauties. Some may think that the it is the deepest on Earth. Although it is very deep, it is not the deepest. It runs around a mile deep but the Cotahuasi Canyon is the world’s deepest at 3,535 meters.
It is found near the city of Arequipa in Peru. It is the deepest canyon in the world followed by the Colca Canyon. A river has eroded between two mountains – the Coropuna and the Sulimana. The river flows through the Maran River then to the Ocona River then out towards the Pacific Ocean. It is a protected area under the Cotahuasi Subbasin. It is a landscape park set up by a decree signed in 2005. The decree is issued to protect the natural heritage of the country as well as protect the wildlife and the landscape from urbanization and preserve the cultural microcosm found within the vicinity.
In order to reach this magnificent location, one must go through the Chuquibamba in the Condesuyos Province and then through Castilla Province. You can then take a bus ride for at least 10 to 12 hours through a rocky road until you reach the site of Coropuna and Sulimana. Once there, it is visible.
Boosting Tourism in the Canyon
The Peruvian government has sought to protect it from urbanization through a decree. It aims to preserve the natural environment of it but it also helps boost the tourism in the country. The Cotahuasi Landscape Reserve allows visitors to come to the area as long as they follow the guidelines set by the government.
There are many landscapes aside from the canyon that visitors can see. The rivers at the bottom of the canyon and the cold deserts are just a few of the landscapes that attract hundreds or even thousands of tourists to the area.