Deepest Lake in the World
A lake is a body of still water that has a considerable size. It can be surrounded by mountains and rivers and streams. Lakes are always surrounded by a land mass. Most form a basin from streams and rivers. Water from the mountains usually move down towards it. Rain can also provide a fresh supply of water towards a lake. Natural lakes are found in mountainous regions. Artificial ones on the other hand are either made for recreational purposes or for hydroelectric energy. Theyhave been known to provide a good source of energy as well as a livelihood like fishing.
There are a lot of great lakes that can be found on this Earth. Some are as large as the Dead Sea which is found in Israel and Jordan. But, there is one that is found to be the deepest on Earth. It is also the largest and one of the oldest on Earth.
Deepest Known Lake in the World
Lake Baikal of Siberia is the deepestin the world. It has a depth of 1,637m. It is found in the Irkutsk Oblast and Buryat Republic. It is also the most voluminous freshwater lake on earth meaning it has more water volume than any other on Earth. It is also one of the clearest water of all. Plants and animals thrive in it. There are over 1,085 different plants and 1,550 different types of animals that make this body of water their home.
It is completely surrounded by mountains. The Baikal Mountains engulf the lake and is part of the national park wherein the land is currently under protection. It is estimated that it is over 25 to 30 million years old. It is one of the oldest as well. The only water source for this body of water is the Angara River.
Exploration and Discovery
It was known in Chinese history as the North Sea. The wide scope of it was thought to be the sea at first but further exploration led the discovery that the entire body of water is a large lake. It was only in 1643 when a Russian explorer named Kurbat Ivanov knew that the sea was in fact a lake.
In July 2008, Russia sent to submersibles to explore the depths of it. It was here that they discovered that the it has a natural ecosystem underwater. The underwater life was thriving and the exploration also recorded the record of 1,592 meters. It was in the year 1990 when Anatoly Sagalevich reached the record of 1,637 meters underwater for the lake.
Several environmental concerns were raised for Lake Baikal. In November 2008, a paper mill was closed to stop the concerns of spilling chlorine into the water. But, the paper mill soon regained a foothold and continued their operation in 2010. An oil pipeline company was also under protest from environmentalist but the company chose to reroute their lines away from the lake.