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The aspect of mining takes place in either underground areas or areas that are connected through a cave. Mining tends to hold a lot of dangers ranging from the usual cave collapsing in or geothermic gasses and other substances. Despite these dangers, mining continues to be one of the world’s most profitable sources of work and for all the good reasons. India doesn’t fall behind in the mining scene with their immense power and knowledge for the said profession. One could also say that India has a lot of rich historical and natural resources where the aspect of mining can be used in the process. India itself has a lot of mining sites where a lot of them are used for farming coal. Several of these known mines are the Durg, Neyvel and Jharia. The most famous and without a doubt deepest and largest mine in India is the Kolar Mine. The Kolar Mine itself was dubbed as the Kolar Gold Fields or K.G.F. for the large amounts of gold mined inside it.

Kolar Mine on Top View

Geology

The Kolar Mine is located in a small town called Bangarpet found in the Kolar District within the State of Karataka in India. The mine’s size covers a range of 58.13 square km or 22.44 sq miles. The depth of the mine stretches for 2,981 meters or 9,780 ft. The Kolar mine itself is located to a nearby city named Bangalore where it is separated nearly 100 km.

The product of Mining

History

The mining of gold in Kolar dates back even during the B.C. days where early civilizations in the Indus Valley have entered this type of endeavor. Several known empires back in the day and specifically in the A.D. era have gold items linked to the Kolar Mine. One empire in particular namely the Vijayanagara Empire had begun their mining endeavors in Kolar. Their operations ran from 1336 up until 1565 and they only managed to dig up to the mines a total of 50 feet. This was understandable due to the lack of high tech equipment back in their time. Since then the mine had gone to a hibernation state as no one continued to dig within its areas. That was until in 1873 where a local of Bangalore named M.F. Lavelle saw interest within the mine. He initially started his mining operations along with a couple of investors and then the mining industry in Kolar boomed.

A View from afar

There had been a city established since then and the population grew to nearly a 100,000 to cope up with the labor and manpower required. In 1962 the mines were taken over by the Government of India and since then all profits had gone to them.

Inside the Mine

Eventual Closing

The mine continued to prosper and produce even after the government’s acquisition. The population nearly doubled during the peak times of the industry. Sadly, the mine has since gone dry and the finding of gold became less of an accomplishment. The mine was closed in 2003 and the hundred thousands of its people had since then move on.

Climbing Out of the Mine

The Kolar mine being once dubbed as the Kolar Gold Fields had indeed brought a great deal of success in India’s mining industry. The mine has closed for over a decade due to the fact that it can no longer produce the amount of ore it used to have. There are still some locals that hope for its eventual revival someday while others have since migrated to Bangalore.

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