Largest Bee in the World
Bees are one of the most common insects known to us humans. They are known for their role in the pollination and for producing the scrumptious honey and beeswax. They have nearly 20, 000 known species in seven to nine recognized families, though many are unknown and the actual number is probably higher. These species is found on every continent except for Antarctica.
Bees play an important in pollinating flowering plants, and are the major type of pollinator in ecosystems that contain flowering plants. They either focus on collecting nectar or on picking up pollen, especially in other famous bee species. These insects gathering nectar may accomplish pollination, but bees that are deliberately gathering pollen are most efficient pollinators. It has been estimated that one third of the human food supply depends on insect pollination, most of which accomplished by bees.
The smallest bee is the ‘Trigona minima’, a stingless bee whose workers are about 2.1 mm long. While the largest bee in the world is the ‘Megachile Pluto’, a leafcutter whose females can attain a length of 39 mm. While males on the other hand is 23 mm long.
Insects are often tiny enough to go unnoticed as they go about dominating our planet. But Megachile Pluto is different. It is a very large Indonesian resin bee, a leafcutter bee that uses resin to make compartments in its nest. Megachile Pluto is regarded as the largest on earth, and has been referred to as the ‘Wallace’s Giant Bee’. They were discovered in 1858 in Indonesia by the naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace, though the natives of Indonesia only knew of the habitat of the Megachile and didn’t actually know about it when Wallace discovered it.
This type of insect stay hidden for as long as it can because the female Megachile uses her enormous jaws to build nests from the resin of active termite nests, making it a difficult insect to track. While the female creates the nest, the smaller males just hangs around on a nearby vine, infrequently fending off other males.
It was thought to be extinct until it was rediscovered in 1981 by Adam C. Messer, an American entomologist, who found six nests on the island of Bacan and other nearby island. These insects specifically build their nests inside active termite nests, which explain why even island residents were unaware of their existence.
Bees are small, productive species that could be either harmful or not. They are known for being very workaholic and helpful to the environment. Extinct or not, we should never terminate them for no valid reason at all.