Most Active Volcano in the World
Most people think that volcanoes are a landmark of destruction and death. But, it can also be a landmark of a new age. Most volcanoes tend to destroy a lot of properties and lives but they also rebuild the Earth’s surface. Once a volcano erupts, it sends out lava that destroys buildings and properties and anything along its way. This is why most people are afraid of living near volcanoes.
When a volcano spouts out lava, earthquake also tends to happen which doubles the dangers of living near one. Tropical islands in the Pacific Ocean are riddled with active volcanoes that can destroy an entire community in an instant. Most of these active volcanoes erupt from time to time but there is one volcano that is the most active of them all. Find out which is the most active volcano in the world.
The most active volcano can be found at the islands of Hawaii and is called Kilauea. Kilauea is just one of the five active volcanoes in the island. It is located in the southern most part of the island and the volcano is around 300,000 to 600,000 years old. It is the second youngest product of the island. Eversince its inception, it has been erupting quite frequently. This allows the surface of the volcano to frequently change its topography. The lavas are as young as 1,000 years old and cover 90 percent of the volcano’s surface. The oldest exposed lava is around 2,100 to 2,800 years old.
The first ever documented eruption of Kilauea happened in 1823 and since then records have shown that it has erupted repeatedly. In fact, the volcano itself is currently erupting. It is also longest eruption by a single volcano in history as well. The eruption started on January 3, 1983 and has not stopped since then. The eruption has created vast activity within the nearby ecology. Plant and animal wildlife is different around the volcano since the continuous eruption changes the surface of the island. As lava flows and cools down near the volcano, plants die and animals start to find other places to live. But, as the area begins to cool down, plants start to grow and animals are brought back only to be disturbed once again by the ongoing eruption.
The locals believed that Kilauea is the home of Pele, the goddess of fire, lightning, wind, and volcanoes. The volcano itself is a landmark in Hawaii as it continues to give life to the island. In 1916, the area around the volcano became a protected area and became a park and World Heritage Site. It is also a major tourist destination. It attracts around 2 million people every year.
Although many fear that the constant eruption of the most active volcano in the world might disrupt the livelihood of the community, it has not so far. The people are aware of the volcanic activity but are calm and educated about the ways of living in an island where the most active volcano is situated.