Oldest Martial Arts in the World
Martial arts is used as a form of self-defense and art. In fact, martial arts have been practiced for countless of years and is still practiced up to this day. Martial arts have had a colorful history. The Brazilian were under the Portuguese when they were practicing their own form of martial arts but were forbidden to do it so they hid it under the guise of a form of dance. The ancient Chinese martial arts practiced mental strength as well as physical endurance. These martial arts existed for a very long time and are passed on to different masters. With that, there is still one form of martial arts that have tood the test of time and might even be the oldest martial arts in the world.
The oldest martial arts in the world is the Kalaripayattu. The Kalaripayattu is an Indian martial arts and is one of the oldest in the world. It is practiced in Kerala and Tamil Nadu and some parts of Malaysia. The martial arts was practiced in northern and central parts of Kerala and the Tulunadu region before it spread across different regions. The origin of the Kalaripayattu was first documented during the 11th or 12th century during the Chera and Chola dynasties although there are studies that the Kalaripayattu was developed as early as the 9th century and were practiced by warrior clans in order to defend their land.
The Kalaripayattu is performed through strikes, grappling, the use of weapons and healing methods as well as preset forms. There are three main classifications of the martial art according to the area they are practiced. First is the northern style which is practiced at the Malabar region. Next is the Central style from the inner Kerala and lastly, the Southern style from South Kerala. There was supposed to be a fourth classification but it is now considered as extinct. The now defunct fourth classification was the Southern Payattu System and is now considered as the Southern Kalaripayattu.
The northern style was practiced by the Nairs and Yatra Brahmins as well as the Muslims in the area. The southern style or the Adi Murai was practiced by the Nadars. The northern style incorporates a certain flow similar to dance movements while the southern style incorporates hard impact engagements and prefer pressure point strikes.
In Kalaripayattu, there are training sequences. These include Chuvadu or the footwork training, Vadivu or posture training, the Meythari or Meyppayat, Kolthari or Kolpayat, Ankathari or Ayudha payat, and Verumkaithari.
The oldest martial arts in the world is still continually being practiced by people in the area hence the tradition lives on. The techniques are being passed through generations and have survived up to this day. Normally, martial arts were used in order to defend the land but as time went by, it is now a form of art. The art might still be used aggressively but the fact that it is called an art meant that it is to promote peace.